By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu
When Mustafa Kemal Atatürk grew to become the 1st president of Turkey in 1923, he set approximately remodeling his nation right into a secular republic the place nationalism sanctified by means of science--and through the character cult Atatürk created round himself--would reign perfect because the new faith. This publication offers the 1st in-depth examine the highbrow lifetime of the Turkish Republic's founder. In doing so, it frames him in the ancient context of the turbulent age within which he lived, and explores the uneasy transition from the past due Ottoman imperial order to the trendy Turkish country via his existence and ideas.
laying off gentle on essentially the most advanced and enigmatic statesmen of the fashionable period, M. Sükrü Hanioglu takes readers from Atatürk's formative years as a Muslim boy within the unstable ethnic cauldron of Macedonia, to his schooling in nonreligious and army colleges, to his include of Turkish nationalism and the modernizing younger Turks circulation. Who used to be this determine who sought glory as an bold younger officer in global conflict I, defied the triumphant Allies motive on partitioning the Turkish heartland, and defeated the final sultan? Hanioglu charts Atatürk's highbrow and ideological improvement at each level of his existence, demonstrating how he was once profoundly stimulated through the recent rules that have been circulating within the sprawling Ottoman realm. He indicates how Atatürk drew on a special mixture of scientism, materialism, social Darwinism, positivism, and different theories to type a grand utopian framework on which to construct his new nation.
Now with a brand new preface, this publication presents the 1st in-depth examine the highbrow lifetime of the Turkish Republic's founder.
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Extra info for Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography
Atatürk: An Intellectual Biography by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu